I question why you are set on 45-70? Five Best New Cartridges for Deer Hunting Derrek Sigler 09.22.20 Each and every year, the ammo and rifle manufacturers get together and at least one of them will release a hot, new deer cartridge that will revolutionize the deer hunting world – or so they say. Rifle Equipment: Centerfire rifles .357 caliber or larger, shooting straight-walled ammunition with an expanding-type bullet where: Straight-walled, centerfire, rimless cartridges have bullets that are from 0.357" to 0.500" in diameter and have a case length from 0.850" to 1.800" WIth that, what is the best caliber rifle for deer hunting? RECOIL: With lighter bullets, the .450 Bushmaster, .350 Legend and other straight-wall cartridges generate less recoil than a 12-gauge slug (especially a rifled version) in a standard hunting load. DAVENPORT, Iowa — For the second time, Iowa deer hunters going out for the first shotgun season on Saturday, December 1 will be able to use straight wall cartridge rifles… Iowa is not planning to open a special season for these weapons. The .350 Legend, in fact, produces about 8.5 pounds of felt recoil in a 7-pound rifle—less than a .243 Win. A few folks used a 243 Winchester (the smallest caliber that was legal for deer hunting in Kentucky at that time), a couple of fellows that I knew used a 270 Winchester, and one guy used a 280 Remington. Think about how many years good old boys used a Winchester 94 to hunt deer with. The State is, however, allowing them to be used during qualified youth hunting season, as well as, disabled hunter’s seasons. 30-30 Winchester. The fine for being caught afield with any variation of these, or any rifle with a non-legal caliber is $250 and a 2-year hunting privilege suspension! There have, arguably, been more deer taken with this cartridge than any other on the market. I use several different handgun caliber carbines for Wisconsin deer, none of them are 45-70. If I thought I really needed something larger than a .44 mag rifle, I would go for a TC in .460(actually used to have a T/C Pro Hunter Katahdin Hunter Carbine in .460). Available in multiple deer-hunting friendly caliber options, these rifles feature barrel lengths check in at just under 22 inches and have a twist rate of 1:10. Some are easier on the shoulder than 20-gauge slug loads. Hunting rifle calibers for large game may include belted magnum cartridges such as .300 Win Mag or .375 H&H, or heavy big-bore cartridges like .45-70 or .458 Win Mag. The 4 Best Straight-Walled Rifle Cartridges for Deer Hunting For generations, a lot of states have allowed deer hunters to use only shotguns with slugs or maybe a muzzleloader during gun … When I started deer hunting in the 1970s, most of my friends either used a 30-06 or a 30-30. 10 Best 6.5mm Rifle Cartridges Available Right Now Ammo 10 Best 6.5mm Rifle Cartridges Available Right Now Joseph von Benedikt - August 28, 2020.