Keynote Address: Disruptive Innovation—Health Professions Education as a Determinant of Health. Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. But, as leaders in the education segment we do need to get better at understanding where we have been and where we are going, what constitutes innovation and/or disruption that is worthy of investment? The students of today and tomorrow are technology learners first, academics second. for disruptive innovations, of which there are two types. Christensen was recently quoted in an interview as stating that higher education institutions are going to be in real trouble 5 years from now. In business theory, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances. It’s difficult to imagine how something could have achieved more hype in the higher education segment – and they are very clearly striking a nerve for being potentially highly disruptive. They pretty much fly in the face of the three tenants above. I am currently a student in the M.Ed. A student could have attended several courses online, but to achieve a degree with only online courses would have been unheard of. Systems; pursuing an M.Ed in Instructional Technology, University of St. Thomas, TX, Ways to Build Community in a Virtual Early Childhood Classroom, Establishing Student Expectations for Online Instruction, Fostering a Collaborative Classroom During Remote Learning. Excitement about the role of technology in improving education is a good thing as far as I’m concerned. I wrote a paper about what the technology impact in higher education back in 2005-7 - and the situation is not significantly different today. While it is very valuable to have any great thinker on business strategy analyzing education and providing insights from other industries that might apply (like Christensen), education leaders need to do their own critical thinking about these formulations of “disruptive innovation” in the education segment. This allows me to maintain a full-time job while achieving a graduate degree in the same time frame as a traditional student who attends courses on campus. Competencies & Academic Standards Exchange, Learning Tools Interoperability & LTI Advantage, OneRoster / Learning Information Services / Edu-API, I wrote a paper about what the technology impact in higher education back in 2005-7, Christensen was recently quoted in an interview, this feature interview with Anthony Salcito of Microsoft, I’m Gonna Find Out What I Got (Focus on Mastery), I See Your True Colors Shining Through (Digital on Day One and IMS Compatibility Check), Together, We are Going to a Brand New Home, Getting in Tune to the Straight and Narrow, William H. (Bill) Graves Leadership Award. Innovation has changed the way people live, work and do business. And, while online/blended models have certainly improved access – well, the percentage of the population that has achieved credentials has been very level. Instructional Technology program at the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas. Disruptive innovations usually find their first customers at the bottom of the market: as unproven, often unpolished, products, they cannot command a high price. According to Christensen’s disruptive innovation theory markets are disrupted when new entrants figure out an innovative way to provide a “simpler” product to a wider set of buyers at a more affordable price. In many cases already, this has been met with innovation at a rate the sector previously hasn’t seen before- moving from concept to deployment rapidly. Disruptive innovation is not something that starts out in a large, mass production style, but more of a small market where it grows and flourishes until the larger market takes notice. BBA in Mgmt. And, congratulations to the leading institutions willing to make a space to try out the MOOC innovations as another set of tools that might be leveraged in the quest for improved education. This innovation is a select type of intelligence that is exhibited by computers … This allows the instructor to make the class more engaging and allows the students to ask more questions about the harder material, leading to a better understanding. At the 2013 Learning Impact conference I presented a keynote “Innovation, Disruption, Revolution – Oh My!”  I chose this topic because the degree of hype about “disruption” in education seems to be at an all time high right now. Disruptive innovation in K–12 education in the form of online learning is also the catalyst to bring about more equitable access to high-quality education. Gamification is a method that can be used in a multitude of ways to teach concepts to students. Are you an investor? © 2001-2020 IMS Global Learning Consortium Inc. But, in general the whole annual Learning Impact event is about understanding where the innovation really is. I’d like to provide three key factors that IMHO are needed to be understood if to  understand disruption in education. And thus, these new entrants change the market behavior substantially. I hope so. One example of this is Capaball, a start-up company that has developed the first ever Artificial Intelligence system that creates training programs tailor made to match the student's profile.The idea came about as a result of the acknowledgement of two realities: that current education is not meeting the challenge laid down by the digital revolution and that … As with most hyped innovations, eventually some aspects of the innovation “survive,” crossing the chasm to productive advancement of the industry. Will they substitute for those universities – no. Students who do not show a mastery of the material can be given a less complex lab in order to increase their understanding and their mastery of the material. Yes. And, such populations of learners could probably support an advertising/low course fee model of consumption. With that in mind, here are 3 examples of disruptive innovation in healthcare and healthcare delivery, and how … of Info. Disruptive innovation happens frequently in many industries, but is actually rather rare in education. For example, in a high school-level chemistry class, the teacher can present the materials in online in video format, quiz the students on the material, and then implement lab exercises based on the results of the quiz. I would include in these MOOCs, Common Core State Standards, analytics, badges and open educational resources (OER). Personally I would like to see existing institutions respond to the three factors above by rolling out new “institutes” with new types of degree programs that meet the evolving needs of society. Netflix is one of the best and leading examples of the Disruptive Innovation. The personal computer is an excellent example of a new-market innova-tion in that its … Let’s face it - there is a general sense that the current education system is not up to the challenges of the future. From this, we further aim to critique and challenge the sector-specific use of the concept. I think MOOCs have the potential to be disruptive on the low end of the education market as a new model for delivering “open university style education.” For example, today’s MOOCs could be an appealing alternative to the content portion of massive open universities around the world, featuring star professors from highly ranked universities. Disruptive innovation is known in some circles as upsetting the apple cart. In a traditional classroom setting, a student will show up to class, listen to the lecture, takes notes, and be expected to remember everything that was discussed. Students in fourth and fifth grade are learning basic coding techniques. Now many schools have programs in areas such as Business, Criminology, and Nursing that are offered through their online programs. Here there is significant nonconsumption of higher education. Videos, presentations and forums integrate education materials from different sources in different formats. In my opinion, these are simply a few examples of trendy teaching techniques that represent educational disruptive innovation through the use of social media as a supporting instructional tool. Key concepts include: As an industry, education has certain elements that have made the market difficult to penetrate and lasting reform hard to come by. Anyone who has been in education, either as an educator or as a student, knows that not all students learn the same way. As little as 10 years ago, this would not have been possible. Diversity in terms of delivery models and blending of high touch with personalized self-service. Personally I would be asking MOOC providers to take the risk in terms of proving the validity of the market/business model (such as the ideas around open university displacement) – and not taking on that risk for my university. But I would argue that we are nowhere near a true disruption (rise) in the number of participants in higher education. While pursuing my first degree in the 1990’s, we had only a few courses available online. Delving into the various industries which are affected helps consumers see why they are … Although little mention is made of Artificial Intelligence in the world of education, the truth is that projects in this area have been implemented over the last few years. Hold on to your hat here as these are things that we don’t hear much talk about in the education space – especially when you go to meetings on one of the hyped topics or even to investor conferences! Very much like Kahn Academy, which is often referred to as a MOOC now even though it existed for a few years prior to the term. Changing nature of faculty. And, it’s not clear how we get from “here” to “there.”. The 2017 keynote speaker, Shafik Dharamsi, PhD, has dedicated his career to addressing issues of health equity and social justice through engaged scholarship and the development of an ethically and civically inspired higher education agenda. While I, like many other silicon valley entrepreneurs, have found Christensen’s original formulations on disruptive innovation descriptive of what is generally seen in the high tech world, and a useful thought framework, well, the problem is that these formulations have not been at all predictive for education – and that is the acid test for using theory for strategic gain – is it predictive? The iPad. In such a model MOOCs could also double as a new type of “tutorial” reference materials. Artificial Intelligence. Virtual Reality is not just for entertainment or gaming and could disrupt how people do business. Our work at the Christensen Institute has shown that the principles of disruption can be beneficial to areas across society, including healthcare, education, and economic growth. It is an astonishing thought that instructional sound bits have the potential to reach and engage millions of virtual learners through social media. The growing relevance of this theory in the social sector (Eggers et … Prior to the class time, the instructor can review the results of the quiz and tailor the lecture so that it covers the material missed by the majority of the students, thus allowing more discussion and coverage of material that the students are having difficulty with and less time with material that they have mastered. With a classroom that is using disruptive learning, whether it is a traditional class or online/hybrid course, the instructor could provide a video of the lecture prior to the class meeting allowing the student to view the material in advance. Clayton Christensen, the leading expert on “disruptive innovation,” has written at least two books specifically focused on education. Michael Horn: A disruptive technology, also known as a disruptive innovation, is an innovation that transforms an existing sector or creates a new one by introducing simplicity, convenience, accessibility, and affordability, where before the product or service was complicated, expensive, and inaccessible. Well, if you consider displacement of open universities and/or a new business model for them disruptive, then yes. Take computers as an example. Microsoft Teams is a new tool that allows teachers to create individual exercises for students and communicate privately with individual students or the classroom as a whole. But, there are some potential ways in which MOOCs could be disruptive in a more limited way. Students as early as second and third grade are being introduced to technology in education. If we wanted him to turn left, we had to make him turn right 3 times. How Disruptive Innovation Changes Education by Martha Lagace HBS professor Clayton M. Christensen, who developed the theory of disruptive innovation, joins colleagues Michael B. Horn and Curtis W. Johnson to advocate for ways in which ideas around innovation can spur much-needed improvements in public education. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is an example of disruptive innovation in higher education. This makes learning easier and social. However, the ground work for this kind of study was laid in the 1990’s with a few distance courses or online availability. Whether this is ‘innovation’ that results in a ‘leaner’ business model … While Christensen predicted in 2008’s Disrupting Class great disruptions in the segment from online learning, the reality so far is that greater adoption of online learning has continued as expected but not very disruptive: price points for education continue to rise ahead of inflation and while online education continues to grow it is largely seen as reflecting traditional models rather than a disruption. Sustaining innovation. Is there a strong motivation for current providers of education to engage in this model? I personally did not write my first line of code in school until my junior year of high school, and our robot could not make left hand turns. Harvard Business Professor Clayton Christensen, best known for his work on “disruptive innovation,” passed away on January 23.. His passing offers us an opportunity to reconsider the bind in which American higher education finds itself. In this commentary, the application of this term to pharmacy within the context of the current status of pharmacy education and practice, highlighting barriers, discussing requirements, and identifying implications for future innovative opportunities in pharmacy is discussed. The innovators in the education segment have NOT disrupted the status quo significantly so far. They are clearly an evolution of the trend toward pervasive online/blended/more flexible educational models/flipping the classroom. This allows me to maintain a full-time job while achieving a graduate degree in the same time frame as a traditional student who attends courses on campus. While these factors may be relevant to understanding MOOCs, they can be applied to other hype areas as well. BTW it's amazing how well the Gartner Hype Cycle fits the Wizard of Oz! From Rob Abel's Learning Impact Keynote: Innovation, Disruption, Revolution Oh My! Such a disruption will not radically change the efficiency of higher education segment at all. In the s, computers were. Uber is often cited as an example of In IMS we try to ferret out “winners” by looking at criteria for something we call “Learning Impact” – which is defined by a set of judging criteria we use in our annual Learning Impact Awards (LIAs). “Mini mills” dramatically disrupted the steel industry once dominated by the great … The instructor can they require a post video quiz that questions the students on the material presented. As such, there are few innovations that can truly be labelled ‘disruptive’. Disruptive innovation is the force that democratizes those technologies. In … Here, this executive director of education and co-founder of Innosight Institute, McCrea: What are some examples of disruptive innovation?. The possibilities are endless in regards to what a teacher/instructor/professor can use when it comes to disruptive learning in the classroom. Over-hyped does not mean that something good will not come from these developments. This page contains trademarks of the IMS Global Learning Consortium including the IMS Logos, Learning Tools Interoperability® (LTI®), Accessible Portable Item Protocol® (APIP®), Question and Test Interoperability® (QTI®), Common Cartridge® (CC®), AccessForAll™, OneRoster®, Caliper Analytics®,SensorAPI™ and Competencies and Academic Standards Exchange® (CASE®). Disruptive innovation is geared towards attacking the norm, creating innovative ways to achieve or surpass current goals by making the desired item more accessible and attainable by the masses. To me the hype around things like MOOCs represents a longing by many for “a better educational future” – presumably involving lower costs to students and better career/life fulfillment, not to mention better global citizens needed to solve our global challenges. One way that teachers are using disruptive technology is the delivery method of their lecture materials. MOOCs are perhaps everyone’s favorite example of hype right now. Writing about what happened in the past and putting a framework around it is great – but if it doesn't help predict the future it doesn’t especially help entrepreneurs or us “investors.”. It would also provide a potential revenue producing and marketing outlet for institutions and their “star teachers.” Of course there are the normal challenges of achieving accreditation from the countries/states as needed to prove value to the potential students. Customers flocked to Apple, and the company had record-breaking profits with its hardware, software and service. Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns by Clayton M. Christensen. We aim to categorise references to the concept over time, across geographical regions and across prespecified healthcare domains. Organization is a twelve letter word that can be incredibly daunting. Take computers as an example. [Note: In a future blog post I will take a whack at what I think will be the sustainable innovations that might cross the chasm coming out of some of the hype items mentioned above: MOOCs, Common Core State Standards, analytics, badges and open educational resources (OER).]. Uber. The challenge for innovators and investors is to utilize critical thinking to rationalize what will sustain and what the real Impact will be. It is…, Teachers’ “to-do” lists are never ending and sometimes shockingly long. Dr. Are MOOCs potentially promising innovations? Jim Farmer does a very thorough job of digging into the theories as applied to MOOCs here. The study aims to conduct a systematic review to characterise the spread and use of the concept of ‘disruptive innovation’ within the healthcare sector. In the 1950s, computers were multi-million dollar machines that had to be housed in large buildings and that could only be operated … Therefore, the “disruptive technology platforms” for education will need to enable great diversity. I think MOOCs have the potential to be disruptive on the low end of the education market as a new model for delivering “open university style education.”  For example, today’s MOOCs could be an appealing alternative to the content portion of massive open universities around the world, featuring star professors from highly ranked universities. Should open universities or other new entrants that wish to compete in that space try a MOOC/advertising/low course fee supported model? Through disruptive innovation, I can now attend a program that is entirely online and receive a master’s degree in higher education with never setting foot on campus. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. We can also make the case for disruptive innovation cleaner when we highlight some examples of companies that aren’t disruptive: 1. Since the simpler product is actually what the broader market prefers (simpler means more usable, more effective for the desired purposes) the product is highly disruptive – better product at lower price point. Disruptive Innovations have the potential to be an incredibly positive force in the world. Innovation not only impacts global economies and business models, but the quality of life of people. Education and innovation consortium NMC’s 2015 Higher Education report points to this trend. We all know that…, It wouldn’t surprise you to hear that the learning process is at its…. See more of Rob Abel’s views on educational innovation throughout the Learning Impact blog as well as this feature interview with Anthony Salcito of Microsoft. It has the ability to track performance in real time, and it is free for education. However, I would say that if you don’t know at this point why you are investing (in terms of what impact you expect will sustain at your institution, and therefore what the return on your investment is likely to be) then you are not applying the level of critical thinking you need to. Disruptive innovation is changing education and the way that we are reaching our students. Most innovation happens here, because most of the time we are seeking to … The fi rst are new-market disruptions, which succeed because they bring previous nonconsumers into the market. However, he has not made it clear why things will be different in the next 5 years versus the last 5 years since Disrupting Class was published. Disruptive innovation and change requires disrupting our assumptions about leadership. Unclear. Would this application of MOOCs be disruptive? For more information on the IMS trademark usage policy see trademark policy page, © 2001-2020 IMS Global Learning Consortium Inc. All Rights Reserved. And Nursing that are offered through their online programs Core State Standards, analytics, badges and educational. An advertising/low course fee model of consumption a technology whose application significantly affects the way people live, and. Learners could probably support an advertising/low course fee model of consumption technology Impact higher. Being introduced to technology in education news and lesson plans via email attended several courses online but..., work and do business to reach and engage millions of virtual learners through social media radically the. … the iPad are using disruptive technology platforms ” for education free for education policy see trademark page! 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