The head of the cats are round, with erect ears. Genus : Synonym(s): Herpailurus Severtzov, 1858 : Common Name(s): pumas [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: complete : Latest Record Review: 2006 https://www.britannica.com/animal/puma-mammal-species, Natural Science Research Laboratory - The Mammals of Texas - Mountain Lion, Texas Parks and WildLife Department - Mountain Lion, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - North American Mammals - Puma concolor, USDA - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Cougar, San Diego Zoo Animals and Plants - Mountain Lion, Puma - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), puma - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). ref_scmas0984; Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Salles (1992), Johnson and O'Brien (1997), Bininda-Emonds et al. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It lacks any obvious modifications and is abandoned when the cubs are about 40–70 days old. Genus: Puma. Though they choose to inhabit those kind of areas, they are highly adaptive and can really be found in a large variety of habitats including; forests, tropical jungle, grasslands, and even arid desert regions. Type Species: Felis concolor Linnaeus, 1771, by original designation. P. c. couguar (Kerr, 1792) - North American cougar Puma, ( Puma concolor ), also called mountain lion, cougar, panther (eastern U.S.), or catamount (archaic), large brownish New World cat comparable in size to the jaguar —the only other large cat of the Western Hemisphere. Genus and species are specific to each individual organism, so there is no genus species for all plants. Fish and Wildlife Service concludes eastern cougar extinct". Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Genus: Puma Species: concolor What is the genus species for plant? [4], Breeding season normally occurs between December and March, with a 3-month gestation period resulting in a litter size of up to 6 cubs. Depending on subspecies and the location of their habitat, the puma's fur varies in color from brown-yellow to grey-red. [4], Although they have been pushed into smaller habitats, due to human settlement expansion, members of the genus have been named as an animal of Least Concern of becoming extinct in its natural environment in the near future by the IUCN. names such as painter, catamount, screamer, devil-cat, mountain devil, etc are used in parts of the USA. Puma's are thought to be one of the most adaptable of felines on the American continents, for the fact that they are found in a variety of different habitats unlike other various cat species.[4]. Extant species Distribution and habitat. They are also commonly known as cougars and mountain lions, and are able to reach larger sizes than other "big" cat individuals. They have four r… The long tail is commonly tipped with black and usually held close to the ground when the puma is walking. The sister group of the Puma lineage is a clade of smaller Old World cats that includes the genera Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus. [4], Members of this genus are large and powerful carnivores. Pp: 279-348, en: Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference (DE Wilson y DM Reeder, eds.). Most deaths, however, are attributable to hunters, other cougars, or motor vehicles. Genus: Puma Species: concolor Synonym: Felis concolor Common names: Puma; Cougar; Mountain Lion Alternative common names: The Puma is renowned for the multitude of common names which the species possesses, although most of these are either indigenous names or colloquialisms - e.g. In North America each puma kills about 48 ungulates per year and a larger number of smaller prey, including rabbits and hares, coyotes, bobcats, porcupines, beavers, opossums, raccoons, skunks, and other pumas. Abgerufen am 21. Six subspecies of Puma concolor are recognized by most classifications. Puma (Puma concolor) Subspecies Lower Classifications. Home ranges vary greatly in size, but the average female territory is 140 square km (54 square miles), with male territories being about twice as large. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Larger individuals are able to catch larger prey; such as sheep, raccoons, goats, and livestock. Information is lacking for Central and South America, although most suitable habitats there are thought to be inhabited. After mating, male and female will part ways while the male will continue on to mate with other females for the duration of the mating season, while the female will care for the cubs on her own. Subspecies of the puma genus include cats that are the fourth largest in the cat family. The higher and lower classifications of this group are as follows: Kingdom: Animalia (animals) Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates) Class: Mammalia (mammals) The majority of their diet includes small animals; such as mice, rats, birds, fish, rabbits, etc. Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Puma_concolor_cougar&oldid=4579970" Associate Professor, Conservation Biology and Wildlife Ecology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, U.S. The specific name concolor (“of one colour”) refers to the puma’s fur, which is uniformly brown on the back, sides, limbs, and tail. Puma concolor 2a ed., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., USA. In scientific classification (taxonomy) the three wild cats of the Puma lineage belong to the cat family Felidae and the small cat subfamily Felinae. Puma's are incredibly powerful predators with muscular hind legs, which are slightly longer and stronger than the front, that enable them to be incredibly great leapers. The head of the cats are round, with erect ears. Traveling alternates with shorter periods of stalking, waiting in ambush, or resting. The power and stealth of the puma have come to epitomize the wilderness, and the cat has therefore received prominent consideration in conservation and recovery efforts. Males in North America average 62 kg (136 pounds), but rare individuals can exceed 100 kg; length is about 1.2 metres (4 feet), excluding the 0.75-metre (2.5-foot) tail. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Although cougars are elusive and usually avoid people, there are about four attacks and one fatality per year on humans in the United States and Canada. The Animal … The life expectancy of individuals in the wild averages at 12 years, but can reach up to 25 years old in captivity. Wolves and bears occasionally kill pumas and sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them. They are also able to hunt during the night just as affectively as they can during the day. Puma is a genus in the family Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names), and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or Owen's panther, a large, cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene).wikipedia Felis concolor was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat with a long tail from Brasilia. : 266-267. Members of the genus are also known to make a variety of different sounds, particularly used when warning another individual away from their territory or during the mating season when looking for a mate. At present they are primarily found west of 100° W longitude (approximately central Texas to Saskatchewan) except for southern Texas and are an endangered population in Florida (the Florida panther, P. concolor coryi). When hunting, a puma moves about 10 km (6 miles) per night, hunting in several travel bouts averaging 1.2 hours each. The Old World puma, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Puma_(genus)&oldid=4894242, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. (The name puma is a native Peruvian term.) Cats are native to almost every region on Earth, with the…. US Fish & Wildlife Service. It may take a year for them to become part of the breeding population, and during the transition an individual may sequentially occupy and abandon one to five small transient home ranges. They have four retractable claws on on its forepaws, and also their hind paws. Slower than most of its prey, it springs from cover at close range, usually from behind the intended victim. Updates? In fact, many feel that it is the Pumas ability to adapt to a number of different environments that has been the reason as to why the population is still as numerous as it is. Adult males can reach around 7.9 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 115-220 lbs. Puma, (Puma concolor), also called mountain lion, cougar, panther (eastern U.S.), or catamount (archaic), large brownish New World cat comparable in size to the jaguar—the only other large cat of the Western Hemisphere. Genul Puma include o specie fosilă și două specii în viață, ambele cu diverse subspecii:. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They also have incredibly long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their body length. Subspecies of the puma genus include cats that are the fourth largest in the cat family. Research has demonstrated that dispersing pumas readily find and use habitat corridors, and radio tracking of these wide-ranging predators can be used to identify appropriate areas to conserve as corridors. Despite them being pushed into more hostile mountain areas, it is believed that their high adaptability allows for members of the genus to avoid disappearing from the wild forever. Pumas living near the Equator are generally smaller than those living farther north and south. Cubs are born after a 90-day gestation period; the litter size usually is three but ranges from one to six. Citation: Natur. [2][3], The puma is a large, secretive cat. Cubs accompany their mother until dispersing at 10–26 months of age, but most die before they can fend for themselves. Puma Family Classification. Like most other felines, cubs are born blind and are completely helpless for roughly about the first 2 weeks of their life until their eyes open. Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - puma. During the day the cat commonly beds within 50 metres of the carcass, and it will feed for an average of three nights on a large kill. Since 1970 control efforts in the United States and Canada have focused on known livestock killers, and most states and provinces now manage populations for sustained sport hunting. The cougar is most closely related to the jaguarundi, as well as the modern cheetah of Africa and western Asia. include the cheetah, puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, tiger, and domestic cat. genus Puma species Puma concolor Name Synonyms Felis bituminosa Merriam & Stock, 1932 ... Orden Carnivora. This page was last modified on 31 December 2015, at 22:28. Puma: pictures (11) Puma: specimens (14) Species Puma concolor cougar. In most of the western United States and Canada, populations of mountain lions (P. concolor concolor) are thought to be stable or increasing except where habitat is being fragmented by urban sprawl. Cougar range Pumas (Puma concolor), also called cougars, mountain lions or brown panthers, are large wild cats that live in the western half of North America, along with Florida, and most of Central and South America. These three species comprise the Puma lineage, one of the eight lineages of Felidae; the Puma lineage diverged from the rest 6.7  million years ago. GENUS Puma. Individuals who live in colder climates have coats that are more grey than individuals living in warmer climates with a more red color to their coat. They can reach speeds of up to 40-50 mph, but they are much better adapted for short and powerful sprints to catch their prey. They are able to leap as high as 18 ft into the air and leap as far as 40–45 ft horizontally. They also have incredibly long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their body length. Except when feeding on large prey, a puma rarely beds in the same location on successive days. Spotted and born blind, each weighs about half a kilogram. Nordamerikanischer Puma (Puma concolor cougar), inklusive des im März 2011 für ausgestorben erklärten Östlichen Nordamerikanischen Pumas"U.S. Pumas are usually silent, but during this time they emit long, frightening screams intermittently for several hours. The underside is lighter. The puma is active mostly at dusk, night, and dawn. It has powerful forequarters, neck, jaw which help grasp and hold their prey. Until 1995 pumas were classified in the genus Felis, which formerly included many much-smaller and less-vocal cats but not the jaguar (Panthera onca). It has powerful forequarters, neck, jaw which help grasp and hold their prey. Until the 1960s pumas were taken by U.S. government hunters and subject to state bounties. The puma, a member of the family Felidae, has the widest distribution of any New World mammal, with a range extending from southeastern Alaska to southern Argentina and Chile. Upon surviving their first two years, juvenile females disperse 9–140 km (average 32 km); juvenile males generally disperse farther, sometimes traveling more than 250 km. Risk can be minimized by walking in groups and keeping children within sight. Puma is a genus in the family Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names), and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or Owen's panther, a large, cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene). The … Cubs are reared without assistance from adult males, which occasionally kill cubs that are not their own offspring. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There are 7 subspecies of puma, all of which have similar characteristics but tend to vary in color and size. Viretailurus Hemmer, 1965, Puma is a genus in Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names) and the jaguarundi, and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or "Owen's panther," a large cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? P. concolor is the only species of the genus Puma. If a home range can be established, the cat can be expected to live another 7–11 years. Below is a listing of species and subspecies and their assignment to genera. Genus Puma puma and jaguarundi. The birth site, usually in nearly impenetrable vegetation, is kept free of feces and prey remains. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. In a given region there are about two adult females for every male. [4], Members of the puma genus are primarily found in the mountains of North and South America, where a majority of individuals can be found in rocky crags and pastures slowly down lower than the slopes grazing herbivores inhabit. Members of the genus Puma are primarily found in the mountains of North and South America, where a majority of individuals can be found in rocky crags and pastures lower than the slopes grazing herbivores inhabit. At the time of European settlement in the New World, pumas occupied all of what are today the lower 48 United States and southern Canada. Omissions? Cubs are able to eat solid food when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother for about a year. A subspecies known as the eastern cougar (P. concolor cougar), which once inhabited the eastern United States and southern Ontario and was listed as endangered in 1973, was declared extinct in 2011. This genus is part of the Felinae. Puma is a genus in Felidae that contains the cougar (an aa kent as the puma, amang ither names) an the jaguarundi, an mey an aa include several puirly kent Auld Warld fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or "Owen's panther," a lairge cougar-like cat o Eurasie's Pleistocene). Females are somewhat shorter and average about 42 kg. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Author: Jardine, 1834. While females can reach around 6.7 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 64-141 lbs. †Puma pardoides Puma concolor concolor; Puma concolor anthonyi; Puma concolor cabrerae; Puma concolor costaricensis; Puma concolor couguar It is rare for pumas to feed on carcasses that they did not kill. An aggressive human response can avert an impending attack and can repel an attack in progress. Though despite their large size, it has been believed that they are more closely related to smaller feline species. Tribe Acinonychini (Pocock, 1917) Genus Puma (Jardine, 1834) Subgenus †Viretailurus (Hemmer, 1965) †Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) - Owen's panther; Subgenus Puma (Jardine, 1834) Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - Cougar. Comments: Placed as a subgenus in Felis by McKenna and Bell (1997) who separated yagouaroundi into Felis (Herpailurus). Puma yagouaroundi: information (1) Puma yagouaroundi: pictures (2) Puma yagouaroundi: specimens (7) ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! 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